Setting up your vegetable garden in 4 easy steps

Change of season is one of the best times of year. Do you look forward to planting the kitchen garden beds for the growing season ahead too?  Are you ready to produce delicious veggies? These 4 steps will have your veggie patch ready to plant into in half an hour.

It’s warming up in Spring here in our subtropical climate. This means snuggling under the doona with the nights still a little chilly, and days that are mild and gently breezy without that hot bite of the summer sun.

Getting out in the garden in this weather is such a pleasure. With the warm sun on my back, it’s a delight to get the veggie patch ready to nurture summer seeds such as tomatoes, lettuce mix, basil, chillis and zucchinis.

Using up the seed collection and not buying new seeds

This year I have decided to use up the seeds in my existing warm season collection, as some of them are nearing the end of their useful life. Most seeds last around 2-3 years before they are no longer viable to germinate. I won’t be buying any new seeds, so I will have veggies to eat for practically no cost.

My plan is to save the seeds from the varieties that I plant so that I no longer need to buy seed. Seeds from healthy and strong plants will also be acclimatised to our local area and our garden microclimate, meaning that they will perform well when planted next warm season.

Healthy garden practices

I have used an organic no-dig method for making and planting out garden beds for many years.

All I do is layer all garden ingredients on top of each other and water in well. This method for preparing the beds each season takes about 15 minutes, and is light work.

These are the things I no longer do in the garden:

  • Tilling or digging the soil (which destroys soil structure, earthworms and is hard work)
  • Using chemical fertilisers
  • Spraying pesticides and herbicides
  • Planting with chemically treated and commercial seeds (I use traditional heirloom varieties from Green Harvest).

These activities are damaging to soil life, earthworms and environment in general, and digging is hard work for me!

Items used

  • 1 bag of compost per garden bed (I have 4 beds that measure 1m x 1m each)
  • 1 cup Natra-Min rock mineral soil conditioner per garden bed (like a fertiliser but natural as it’s just ground up rocks and can be found in most produce stores)
  • 1 bale of Lucerne hay (bought from any produce store)

Costs involved

Total cost of the above items is about $30. Here is a breakdown of costs:

  • Natra-Min $2 (cost of a bag is $30)
  • Lucerne Hay $4 (cost of a bale is $16)
  • Compost $24 (cost of a bag is $6). Next season I hope to have enough of my own homemade compost to use instead.

Preparing the garden beds in 4 easy steps

Step One

Remove all old plants from the previous season. Use them in the compost or larger plants under trees as mulch. Softer or smaller plants can be left to rot on the surface to feed the soil. Any beans or peas can be left on the surface or dug in to provide Nitrogen to the soil.

Step Two

Spread a bag of compost per garden bed. Water in well.


Step Three

Use a cup of Natra-Min per garden bed and sprinkle over. Water in well.


Step Four

Take a bit of Lucerne hay off the end of the bale and spread it out over the bed. You will need to fluff it out a bit with your hand to separate it so it doesn’t become matted when wet. Water in well.


Note: next time I am going to soak the Lucerne in a container full of water first. This method is what gardening guru Annette McFarlane recommends as an easier way to work with the hay, and it has worked well for me before.

Now stand back and admire your work and how gorgeous the garden beds look! Go inside and plan what seeds you are going to plant.

It’s such an easy way to prepare the kitchen garden beds each season. If you have children you will appreciate how little time it takes away from childminding, and you can even involve the kids in the easier jobs. Getting them involved in the process will help them to appreciate where their food comes from and make them more likely to want to eat the harvest.

Now to put the veggie roast on for dinner using some of last season’s homegrown potatoes!

Update: I asked on Facebook what other people do to prepare their veggie patch for next season’s planting.  

Some of the ideas and methods were:

  • Don’t clear out all of the garden bed, just pull out individual plants are they are finished for the season/harvested.  Plant something new in its spot.  This sounds like a lot less work!
  • Divide the bed into squares after preparing the soil ready to plant seeds into.  Each square will contain a different type of plant.  A good way to divide the bed up and know what you are planting where.